economy development results industry factors kazakhstan
High-tech economy: factors of formation, priorities and development mechanismsin KazakhstanKnowledge-based economy: formation factors, priorities and developmentmechanisms in KazakhstanLeader of the Research project Alzhanova F. G., Doctor of Economics, HeadResearcherThe aim of the first stage (2018) is to identify the factors of the formationof a knowledge-based economy and develop a methodology for its analysis andmeasurement in Kazakhstan. Results of the first stage (2018): – The factors of the formation of a knowledge-based economy are identifiedtaking into account the changing context of their content and development inthe conditions of Industry 4.0., Including such as knowledge, human resources,structural factors, the factor of technological globalization, factors ofdigital preparedness, infrastructure factors, institutional factors. – The elements of the resource potential of the high-tech economy thatdetermine the change in the structure of the high-tech economy in the contextof the development of industry 4.0 are identified, including theidentification of new structural elements of the high-tech economy, such asartificial intelligence, robotic systems, machine learning, the virtualenvironment, and the main groups of challenges for the development of Industry4.0 are identified. – Foreign methods of analysis, measurement and evaluation of the knowledge-based economy are generalized, the main criteria and indicators of theknowledge-based economy are highlighted. – The requirements for the development of a methodology for assessing aknowledge-based economy, which reflect the consideration of factors in theformation of a knowledge-based economy, are justified; data accessibility andtransparency; comparability of data and results over time; correlation withthe tasks of Modernization 3.0 and Industry 4.0., a working evaluationmethodology has been developed, containing factors and indicators of aknowledge-based economy.Scientific results are reflected in the following foreign rating editions ofRSCI and SCOPUS databases:1. Альжанова Ф.Г., Сатпаева З.Т., Мусаева Д., Дюсебаева Ж., Абилкаир Н.Мегатренды мировой экономики и их влияние на развитие Казахстана (0,45 п.л.)// World Science. – 2018. – Т.3, № 6(34). – С. 12-18.https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ws/12062018/5829 2. Алибекова Г.Ж. Вопросы оценки эффективности программ коммерциализации (0,3п.л.) // Экономика и бизнес: теория и практика. – 2018. – № 7. – С. 5-8.https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_35377556_69540078.pdf The aim at the second stage (2019) is to develop forecast scenarios for thedevelopment of traditional and new industries in the knowledge-based economy.Results of the second stage of research (2019): – analysis and evaluation of changes in traditional industries under theinfluence of digitalization factors; – assessment of the initial state, current dynamics and structure of theeconomy of Kazakhstan; – forecast scenarios of dynamics and structure of the economy and sectorsforming the core of the knowledge-based economy are presented, taking intoaccount the structural features of the knowledge-based economy in theconditions of Industry 4.0.; – the conditions of synchronization of the third technological modernizationwith the priorities of Industry 4.0 are considered.Scientific results are reflected in the following foreign rating editions ofRSCI and SCOPUS databases:1. Альжанова Ф., Днишев Ф. Проблемы модернизации и структурные изменения вКазахстане и странах Евразийского Экономического Союза // Интеллект.Инновации. Инвестиции. – 2019. – № 3. – С. 10-18.https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_38243610_39911324.pdf 2. Alzhanova F., Amrin A., Dyussebayeva Zh., Urdabayev M. (2019). Comparativeanalysis of the dynamics of knowledge-intensive industries in Eurasian Space.KODISA International Conference «Science, Technology and Humanities forBusiness and Economic Sustainability» (ICBE 2019) in Seoul, South Korea, July7-10, 2019. Seoul. Dunam Publishing, 2019. P. 223-226. (Scopus, Web of ScienceCore Collection) https://doi.org/10.35646/kodisa.icbe.2019.7.5.157 3. Днишев Ф.М. Региональные точки роста наукоемких секторов экономики вКазахстане. // РАН ИНИОН. Ежегодник «Россия: тенденция и перспективыразвития». – Вып. 14, Ч.2. – М., 2019. – С. 278 – 280.https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_41381722_31585061.pdfThe aim of the third stage (2020) is to justify priorities and drivers ofgrowth of the knowledge-based economy in Kazakhstan in the context oftechnological modernisation.Results of the third stage of research (2020):– have been justified the priorities for the development of a knowledge-basedeconomy in Kazakhstan, including 1) modernisation of the basic sectors of themining industry and energy sector by integrating knowledge-intensive services,digital and green technologies into production processes; 2) knowledge-intensive industries, including pharmaceuticals, production of medicalequipment and instruments; 3) knowledge-intensive services, includinghealthcare services, research and development in medicine and biotechnology,expanding the availability of social services based on digital technologies;– have been developed the mechanisms for the development of a knowledge-basedeconomy in Kazakhstan, it is recommended to use the criteria of thetechnological level, the intensity of research and development costs, thepotential for complicating the export basket when providing preferences,attracting enterprises to the FEZ, industrial zones, developing maps ofindustrialisation, as well as to develo corporate innovations (domesticentrepreneurship programs, accelerator programs, innovative hubs, R&Dcenters);– have been considered the growth drivers of knowledge-intensive sectors ofKazakhstan’s economy, it was revealed that in the period from 2015-2019 theindex of economic complexity and the share of workers in the manufacturingindustry decreased, it was shown that Kazakhstan is experiencing seriousdifficulties in the drivers of ‘Human Resources’, ‘Sustainable resources’,‘Global trade and investments’;– have been justified the Kazakhstani model of the development of a knowledge-based economy, which suggests the possibility of non-linear, selectivedevelopment of the knowledge-based economy in Kazakhstan, and based on acombination of different development strategies differing in potential,institutions, sources of growth, composition of stakeholders, etc.Scientific results are reflected in the following publications:1) Dabylova M.I., Grabara J., Alibekova G. University-business cooperation inKazakhstan: Influencing factors// Вестник КазНУ. Серия экономическая. –2020.-№3 (133).- С.4-14. https://doi.org/10.26577/be.2020.vi3.012) Айтимова Д., Алибекова Г. Совершенствование управления инновационнойдеятельностью компаний нефтегазового сектора республикиКазахстан//Экономические науки. – 2020. – №4 (185). – с.47-56.https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=429065243) Альжанова Ф.Г., Нурланова Н.К., Днишев Ф.М. Оценка уровня и приоритетныенаправления модернизации регионов Казахстана // Проблемы развития территории.– 2020. – №1 (105). С. 124–141.http://www.vscc.ac.ru/files/journal/issues/pdt-2020-1-105-ef234ecbf7–ru.pdf4) Егоров О.И., Чигаркина О.А. Эколого-экономические проблемы освоенияКаспийского шельфа: пути повышения энергетической безопасности // Polishjournal of science. – 2020. – №24. – V. 2. – С. 24-28. https://www.polish-science.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/POLISH-JOURNAL-OF-SCIENCE-%E2%84%9624-2020-VOL.-2.pdf5) Dabylova, M., Sroka, M., & Alibekova, G. (2020). New challenges ineducation processes at technical faculties in Asian countries of the formerSoviet Union. // Production Engineering Archives. – – №26(1). – P.15-18.https://doi.org/10.30657/pea.2020.26.04Implementations: Reference on the use of research results in preparation of the Decree of theGovernment of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated June 8, 2011 № 645 «On approvalof the Rules for the accreditation of subjects of scientific and (or)scientific and technical activity» from the Committee of Science of theMinistry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 1059/16-10dated 24.06.2019 signed by the deputy chairman E. Sadykov.